Nume alternative: Bichon havanez, Bichon habaner, Cainele matasos de Havana.
Tara de origine: Cuba.
Istoric: aceasta rasa este considerata urmasa Bichonilor europeni cum ar fi Bolognese si Maltese. Interesul pentru Bichoni s-a raspandit in porturile Imperiului spaniol, inclusiv Havana. Aceasta rasa este Bichonul Cubei si a fost dezvoltat pe parcursul secolului al XX-lea. A fost crescuta ca animal de companie de catre aristocratie, dar a devenit repede popular si printre oamenii din clasa de mijloc. A fost adus in S.U.A. pentru prima data odata cu refugiatii cubanezi care au plecat din tara dupa revolutia din anul 1959.
Descriere fizica: un caine mic, indesat, care este mai lung decat este inalt. Capul este trapezoidal, usor lat, cu craniul usor rotunjit. Botul este egal ca lungime cu craniul. Ochii si nasul sunt negrii, iar urechile sunt lasate. Coada are blana si este purtata peste spate. Blana dubla are un strat exterior lung, moale. Parul de pe frunte se lasa peste ochi la unele exemplare.
Inaltime: 20-28 cm.
Greutate: 3-6 kg.
Temperament: este un caine foarte usor de dresat, inteligent si ascultator. Este tacut si bland, dar in acelasi timp jucaus. Este afectuos cu stapanul sau, dar este prietenos cu aproape toata lumea, inclusiv cu copiii, cu alte animale si cu strainii.
Nivel de Activitate: scazut.
Cel mai bun stapan: se descurca cel mai bine cu o familie intr-o casa de oras sau din suburbie.
Nevoi speciale: atentie, ingrijirea blanii.
Posibile probleme de sanatate: condrodisplazie, surzenie, displazie de sold, cataracta juvenila, sunt hepatici, luxarea patelelor, afectiuni ale pielii.
FCI-Standard N° 250 / 12.01.2009/ GB
TRANSLATION : Mrs. Peggy Davis, revised by R. Triquet.
ORIGIN : Western Mediterranean basin, development : Cuba.
PATRONAGE : F.C.I.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 04.11.2008.
UTILIZATION : Companion and toy dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 9 Companion and Toy
Section 1 Bichons and related breeds.
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The breed comes from the Western Mediterranean region and has developed along the Spanish and Italian coastal region. It would seem that these dogs were imported early in Cuba by ocean navigating Italian captains. Erroneously, the most frequent brown colour of these dogs (tobacco) gave birth to the legend which would mean it to be a breed originating from Havana, capital of Cuba. The political events however have led to the total disappearance of the old blood lines of the Havanese in Cuba; apparently a few dogs could be successfully smuggled out from Cuba; their descendants have survived in the U.S.A.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : The Havanese is a sturdy little dog, low on his legs, with long abundant hair, soft and preferably wavy. His movement is lively and elastic.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : The length of the muzzle (tip of nose to stop) is equal to the distance between the stop and the occipital protuberance. The relation between the length of the body (measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock) and the height at the withers is of 4/3.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Exceptionally bright he is easy to train as alarm dog. Affectionate, of a happy nature, he is amiable, a charmer, playful and even a bit of a clown. He loves children and plays endlessly with them.
HEAD : Of medium length, the relation between the length of the head and that of the trunk (measured from the withers to the base of the tail) is of 3/7.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Flat to very slightly rounded, broad; forehead hardly rising; seen from above it is rounded at the back and almost straight and square on the other three sides.
Stop : Moderately marked.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Black or brown.
Muzzle : Narrowing progressively and slightly towards the nose but neither snipey nor truncated.
Lips : Fine, lean, tight.
Jaws/Teeth : Scissor bite. A complete dentition is desirable. The absence of premolars 1 (PM1) and molars 3 (M3) is tolerated.
Cheeks : Very flat, not prominent.
Eyes : Quite big, almond shape, of brown colour as dark as possible. Kind expression. The eyes rims must be dark brown to black.
Ears : Set relatively high; they fall along the cheeks forming a discreet fold which raises them slightly. Their extremity is in a lightly rounded point. They are covered with hair in long fringes. Neither propeller ears (sticking sideways), nor stuck to the cheeks.
NECK : Of medium length.
BODY : The length of the body is slightly superior to that of the height at the withers.
Back : Topline straight, slightly arched over the loin.
Croup : Noticeably inclined.
Ribs : Well sprung.
Belly (abdomen) : Well tucked up.
TAIL : Carried high, either in shape of a crozier or preferably rolled over the back; it is furnished with feathering of long silky hair.
FOREQUARTERS : Forelegs straight and parallel, lean; good bone structure. The distance from the ground to the elbow must not be greater than that between the elbow and the withers.
HINDQUARTERS : Good bone structure; moderate angulations.
FEET : Of slightly elongated shape; small; tight toes.
GAIT / MOVEMENT : According to his happy nature, the Havanese has a strikingly light-footed and elastic gait; forelegs with free stride and pointing straight forward, the hindlegs giving them the impulsion and moving in a straight line.
HAIR : Undercoat woolly and not very developed; it is often totally absent. The topcoat is very long (12-18 cm in an adult dog), soft, flat or wavy and may form curly strands. All grooming, the usage of scissors to even out the length of the coat and all trimming is forbidden. Exception : tidying up the hair on the feet is permitted, the hair on the forehead may be slightly shortened so that it does not cover the eyes and the hair on the muzzle may be slightly tidied up, but it is preferable to leave it in natural length.
Rarely completely pure white, fawn in its different shades (slight blackened overlay admitted), black, havana-brown, tobacco colour, reddish-brown. Patches in mentioned colours allowed.
Tan markings in all nuances permitted.
Height at the withers : From 23 to 27 cm.
Tolerance : from 21 to 29 cm.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
IMPORTANT FAULTS :
General appearance lacking in type.
Truncated or snipey muzzle, length not identical to that of the skull.
Bird of prey eyes; eyes too deep set or prominent; rims of eyelids partially depigmented.
Body too long or too short.
Straight tail, not carried high.
« French » front (pasterns too close, feet turned outwards).
Deformed hind feet.
Coat harsh, not abundant; hair short except on puppies; groomed coat.
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
Aggressive or overly shy.
Upper or lower prognathism.
Ectropion, entropion; rim of eyelids of one or both eyes depigmented.
Size over or under the indicated norms of the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.