Nume alternativ : Dho-Ky, Mastiff de Tibet
Tara de origine: Tibet.
Istoric: Mastifful tibetan este o rasa veche, care a fost folosita pentru paza cirezilor si proprietatilor din satele tibetane, desi rasa s-ar putea ca initial sa fi venit din China. Desi se considera ca este stramosul tuturor raselor de Mastiffi, rasa nu a fost exportata in epoca moderna pana in anul 1847, atunci cand Regina Victoria a primit cadou un exemplar. Primul exemplar de Mastiff tibetan a ajuns in S.U.A. ca un cadou pentru presedintele Eisenhower.
Descriere fizica: este un caine puternic, mare, mai lung decat este inalt. Capul lat este puternic ridat, cu un bot patrat si nas mare. Buzele sunt usor pendulante, iar ochii sunt maronii si oblici. Urechile sunt lasate. Coada lunga se arcuieste peste spate. Blana dubla are un puf gros si un strat exterior drept, aspru. Gatul, pieptul, coada si picioarele posterioare sunt imblanite. Blana poate fi neagra, negru si cafeniu, maro, auriu, gri si albastru, sau gri, albastru si cafeniu, cu pete cafenii deasupra ochilor, pe partea inferioara a picioarelor, sub coada, pe bot si in jurul ochilor.
Inaltime: 61-76.2 cm.
Greutate: 34-72 kg.
Temperament: Mastifful tibetan este un caine rezervat si cu o minte independenta, dominant si deseori incapatanat, avand, ceea ce unii numesc, o fire pisiceasca. Ar trebui sa fie supravegheat atunci cand se afla in preajma copiilor si a altor animale pentru ca poate fi mult prea protector si poate interpreta gresit unele interactiuni inofensive.
Nivel de activitate: moderat.
Cel mai bun stapan: Mastifful tibetan se descurca cel mai bine cu un stapan ferm, experimentat in cresterea cainilor, intr-un mediu suburban sau rural. Nu este un caine ideal pentru paza non-stop a cirezilor.
Nevoi speciale: curte ingradita, dresaj ferm, ingrijirea blanii, lesa, socializare.
Posibile probleme de sanatate: ectropion, entropion, displazie de sold si cot, hipotiroidism.
FCI-Standard N° 230 / 02. 04. 2004 / GB
ORIGIN : Tibet.
PATRONAGE : FCI.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 24.03.2004.
UTILIZATION : A companion, watch and guard dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
Section 2.2 Molossoid breeds, Mountain type.
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The Tibetan Mastiff (Do Khyi) is an ancient working breed of the nomad herders of the Himalaya and a traditional guardian of the Tibetan monasteries. It has been surrounded by great myth since its first discovery in antiquity. From the mentioning by Aristoteles (384-322 b.C.) to the famous writings of Marco Polo, who went to Asia in 1271, all historical reports praise the natural strength and impressiveness of the Tibetan Mastiff- both physically and mentally. Even its bark has been described as a unique and highly treasured feature of the breed. Leading European cynologists of the past, like Martin and Youatt, Megnin, Beckmann, Siber as well as Strebel and Bylandt have intensively covered the Tibetan Mastiff, as they had been fascinated by its origin and function in the Tibetan culture. Some even considered the breed to be the very forefather of all large mountain and mastiff breeds. One of the first known Tibetan Mastiffs to reach Western shores was a male sent to Queen Victoria by Lord Hardinge (then Viceroy of India) in 1847. Later in the 1880s, Edward VII (then Prince of Wales) took two dogs back to England. An early recorded litter of Tibetan Mastiffs was born in 1898 in the Berlin Zoo.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Powerful, heavy, well built, with good bone. Impressive; of solemn and earnest appearance. Combines majestic strength, robustness and endurance; fit to work in all climate conditions. Slow to mature, only reaching its best at 2-3 years in females and at least 4 years in males.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
Skull measured from occiput to stop equal to muzzle from stop to end of nose but muzzle may be a little shorter.
Body slightly longer than height at withers.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Independent. Protective. Commands respect. Most loyal to his family and territory.
HEAD : Broad, heavy and strong. In adults a wrinkle may extend from above the eyes down to the corner of mouth.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Large, very slightly rounded, with strongly pronounced occiput.
Stop : Well defined.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Broad, as dark as possible depending on coat colour, well opened nostrils.
Muzzle : Fairly broad, well filled and deep. End of muzzle square. Lips : Well developed and covering the underjaw.
Jaws/Teeth : Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper incisors closely overlapping the lower incisors and set square to the jaws. Level bite acceptable. Dentition fits tightly.
Eyes : Medium size, any shade of brown and in accordance with coat colour, the darker the better. Set well apart, oval and slightly slanting. Eyelids tightly fitting the eyeball. Expression of dignity.
Ears : Medium size, triangular, pendant, set between the level of the skull and the eye, dropping forward and hanging close to head; carried forward when alert. Ear leathers covered with soft, short hair.
NECK : Strong, well muscled, arched. Not too much dewlap. Covered by thick upstanding mane, not so pronounced in bitches.
BODY : Strong.
Back : Straight, muscular.
Croup : Broad and rather flat.
Chest : Rather deep, of moderate breadth, with good spring of rib, to give heart-shaped ribcage. Brisket reaching to below elbows.
TAIL : Medium length. Set high on line with top of back, carried high, loosely curled over back, when dog alert or in motion; well feathered.
FOREQUARTERS : Straight, well angulated, well covered all over with strong hair.
Shoulders : Well laid, muscular.
Elbows : Neither turned in nor out.
Forearms : Straight. Strong bone.
Metacarpus (Pasterns) : Strong, slightly sloping.
HINDQUARTERS : Powerful, muscular, with good angulation. Seen from behind, hindlegs parallel.
Upper thigh : Rather long; strong, with good hard muscles, but not bulging.
Stifle : Well bent
Hock : Strong, low set.
FEET : Fairly large, strong, round and compact, with good feathering between well-arched toes.
GAIT / MOVEMENT : Powerful, but always light and elastic: with good reach and drive. When speed increases tends to single track. When walking appears very deliberate. Capable of functioning over a varied terrain with stamina and suppleness.
HAIR : Quality of greater importance than quantity. Coat harsh, thick, top coat not too long, with dense and rather wolly undercoat in cold weather which becomes rather sparse in warmer months. Males carry noticeably more coat than females. Hair fine but harsh, straight and off-standing. Never silky, curly or wavy. Neck and shoulders heavily coated, giving mane-like appearance. Tail bushy and well feathered; hindlegs well feathered on upper rear parts.
COLOUR : Rich black, with or without tan marking; blue, with or without tan markings; gold, from rich fawn to deep red, sable. All colours to be as pure as possible. Tan ranges from a rich chestnut to a lighter colour. White star on breast permissible. Minimal white markings on feet acceptable. Tan markings appear above eyes, on lower part of legs and underside of tail. Tan markings on muzzle; spectacle markings tolerated around eyes.
Height at the withers : Dogs : 66 cm (26 ins) minimum,.
Bitches : 61 cm (24 ins) minimum..
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
SEVERE FAULTS :
Lacking physical condition and fitness.
Head light or heavily wrinkled.
Large and/or low set ears.
Light eyes or staring expression.
Weak pigmentation, particularly of nose.
Tightly curled tail over hips.
Over angulated or straight hindquarters.
Heavy constrained movement.
Under minimum height, tolerance 2 cm.
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
Aggressive or overly shy.
Undershot or overshot mouth.
All other colours than above mentioned e.g. white, cream, grey, brown (liver), lilac, brindle, particolours.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.